Cancer The Most Striking Disease
Cancer is referred to as the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in a body. These abnormal cells are termed as cancer cells, tumor cells or malignant cells. Cancer causes cells to divide uncontrollably. These cells can penetrate normal body tissues. This can result in tumors, damage to the immune system, and other impairment that can be fatal! Many cancers and the abnormal cells that compose the cancer tissue are further identified by the name of the tissue that the abnormal cells originated from (For example, lung cancer, breast cancer, colorectal cancer). It’s hard to get proper treatment but if you’re in NCR, you can get the effective treatment from the best cancer hospital in Delhi NCR, i.e. Yatharth Hospital.
Most of the body’s cells have specific functions and finite life spans. While it may sound like a bad thing, cell death is part of a natural and beneficial phenomenon called apoptosis. A cell is ordered to die so that it the body can replace it with a newer cell that functions better. Cancerous cells are short of the components that instruct them to stop dividing and to die. And as a result, they start building up in the body, using oxygen and nutrients that were supplied to nourish the other cells. These cells can easily form tumors, impair the immune system and cause other changes that prevent the body from functioning regularly. There are more than 200 types of cancers. If you’re tested positive for any type of cancer, start your cancer treatment in Delhi NCR right away. Yatharth Hospital can see to this need of yours.
There are various factors that are responsible for causing cancer. Although genetic factors have been linked to certain types of cancers, less than 5% of cancers are associated with known inherited gene mutations. Most forms of cancer are due to genetic mutations of cells that occur within a person’s life as a result of environmental factors such as cigarette smoke or exposure to radiation. Some common causes are –
- Tobacco smoking – Smoking is responsible for lung cancer and is also linked with an increased risk for cancers of the mouth or oral cancers, larynx, bladder, oesophagus, and cervix.
- Chemicals – Exposure to industrial dyes, benzene, and asbestos is associated with cancer.
- Ionizing radiation – A connection between ionizing radiation and cancer has been discovered, but the exact amount of radiation exposure enough to increase the risk of cancer is still not known.
- Viruses – Certain viruses, such as HIV, are associated with an increased risk of liver cancer, lymphomas, and sarcomas. The human papillomavirus (HPV, which causes venereal warts) is linked with an increased risk of oral, anal, and cervical cancer.
Cancer can lead to many different types of symptoms depending on the type of cancer, where it is located, where the cancer cells have spread and what stage is it in. Cancer cells pressing on or invading surrounding cells can lead to severe pain. Organs that are being invaded by cancer can’t work properly. Some symptoms are caused not by the tumor but by the chemicals or hormones produced by the tumor. These symptoms are known as paraneoplastic symptoms. The chemical and hormones can cause an autoimmune reaction where the body produces antibodies against itself, affecting the normal functioning of organs or even killing the healthy cells. However, there are seven warning signs or symptoms that cancer may be present and should prompt an individual to seek medical attention. These are –
- Change in bowel or bladder habits
- Sore throat that doesn't heal
- Unusual bleeding or discharge
- Thickening or lump in the breast, testicle, or elsewhere
- Indigestion or difficulty swallowing
- Noticeable changes in the size, shape, colour, or thickness of a wart or mole
- Irritating cough or hoarseness
Anyone with these symptoms and signs should ask their doctors about it. These symptoms may also arise from noncancerous conditions. However, many cancers will present with some of the above general symptoms but usually have one or more symptoms that are more specific for the cancer type.
Cancer leads to uncontrollable cells division. It also stops them from dying at a natural point in their life cycle. Genetic factors and lifestyle choices, such as smoking, can significantly contribute to the development of the disease. A number of elements affect the ways that DNA communicates with cells and directs their division and death.
Treatments are constantly improving. Some new developments include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Some people benefit from newer methods such as stem cell transplantation and precision medicine. The diagnosis and death rates of cancer are decreasing every year.
If you’re in need of a cancer specialist in Delhi NCR, head towards Yatharth Hospital. When it comes to blood cancer especially, you can count on Yatharth for being the best blood cancer hospital in Delhi/NCR!